The International Expert Group (IEG) which is the advisory body of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) on anti-corruption matters held its latest meeting in Vienna on 28-29 June 2018. The IEG discussed the draft version of the forthcoming UNODC publication on fraud and corruption risk management. The representative of the State Audit Office of Hungary (SAO) was invited for the first time to the IEG meeting. IEG members gave several comments on the draft in order to make it more practical and useful for public organisations with limited resources for preparing their own corruption risks assessment.
The objective of the meeting was to bring together experts from supreme audit institutions and anti-corruption agencies and national authorities which have carried out corruption risk assessments, in order to review and validate the draft publication of UNODC. The meeting addressed the future use of the publication and possible follow-up activities as well. Gyula Pulay, supervisory manager of the SAO was invited to share his experience gained through the internationally well-known integrity project of the SAO.
The past years have seen an increased interest in risk-based approaches to fighting corruption. The concept behind this interest was driven by the realization that in order to effectively prevent and fight corruption, the managers of the organisations need to know how and where it happens. This knowledge would allow for the targeting of the real life corruption schemes and scenarios. The UNODC approach – which is very similar to the SAO’s approach – to corruption risk assessment is based on the assumption that as corruption is primarily an organizational concern, it is the individual organizations’ responsibility to identify and to properly manage the corruption risks in order to prevent corruption.
UNODC has been piloting the methodology in a number of countries and is now seeking to prepare a tool to support States parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) in carrying out assessments of the fraud and corruption risks at the level of individual organizations. UNODC publication is targeted first of all to those public organisations which have limited resources to implement a very detailed corruption risk assessment.